By doing so, 100,000 new affluent white residents were added, preserving white political power, expanding the city's property tax base, and enlarging the traditional white upper middle class leadership. In 1854, a fourth rail line, the Atlanta and LaGrange Rail Road (later Atlanta & West Point Railroad) arrived, connecting Atlanta with LaGrange, Georgia, to the southwest, sealing Atlanta's role as a rail hub for the entire South, with lines to the northwest, east, southeast, and southwest. That year, the depot's architect, Edward A. Vincent, also delivered Atlanta's first official map to the city council. Construction created many new jobs, and employment boomed. High rents rather than laws led to de facto segregation, with most blacks settling in three shantytown areas at the city's edge. This is the oldest existing man-made structure in downtown Atlanta.. . This class now had room to expand inside the city limits. , Atlanta has gained recognition as being a center of TV and film production, it being determined by Gocompare.com to be in the top 10 of the most popular cities in the world where films and TV shows have been filmed. ", US Census figures for black population in Metro Atlanta outside City of Atlanta and DeKalb County - 2000: 572,379. Atlanta Black Star is a narrative company. Young was re-elected as Mayor in 1985 with more than 80% of the vote.  The next day, Mayor James Calhoun surrendered the city, and on September 7 Sherman ordered the civilian population to evacuate. The Whitehall area was renamed West End in 1867 and is the oldest intact Victorian neighborhood of Atlanta. :18, By 1860, the city had four large machine shops, two planing mills, three tanneries, two shoe factories, a soap factory, and clothing factories employing 75 people.. In 1847, the city's charter was approved, elections were held, and the first slate of councilmen and the mayor took office in January 1848. Fort Gilmer was situated next to an important Indian site called Standing Peachtree, a Creek Indian village.
Atlanta is the filming location for many horror-themed productions, including the TV series Goosebumps and its sequel Goosebumps 2: Haunted Halloween, Teen Wolf, The Walking Dead, Vampire Diaries, and the 2009 comedy Zombieland.
", Levy, Jessica Ann.
Not even college-educated men could vote. The 2010 census showed affluent blacks leaving the city for newer exurban properties and growing suburban towns, younger whites moving back to the city, and a much more diverse metropolitan area with heaviest growth in the exurbs at its outer edges. ‘There’s Some Wisdom in Here’: Actor Morgan Freeman Explains Why He Narrated 21 Savage and Metro Boomin’s ‘Savage Mode II’, 21 Savage Said That He Went to Jay-Z’s House to Thank Him for Helping Out with His ICE Arrest, Future and Lori Harvey Supposedly Break Up After They Unfollow Each Other from Social Media and Delete All Of Their Photos Together. The fort was soon renamed Fort Peachtree. Atlanta University was established in 1865, the forerunner of Morehouse College in 1867, Clark University in 1869, what is now Spelman College in 1881, and Morris Brown College in 1881.  Its Cox Communications division, headquartered in unincorporated DeKalb County, is the third-largest cable television service provider in the United States. With the city government nearing bankruptcy, the Coca-Cola Company had to help bail out the city's deficit. The Atlanta economy is the 10th largest in the country and 18th in the world with an estimated 2014 GDP of over $324 billion. The first Georgia Railroad freight and passenger trains from Augusta (to the east of Atlanta), arrived in September 1845 and in that year the first hotel, the Atlanta Hotel, was opened. It is my highest honor to serve as the 60th Mayor of our great city. and is also home to a growing Biotechnology sector, gaining recognition through such events as the 2009 BIO International Convention. Scott Henry, "Federal grants go to groups with shaky past", "TIME NAMES THE FIVE BEST BIG-CITY MAYORS IN AMERICA", "Urban centers draw more young, educated adults", "Young professionals lead surge of intown living", "Thomas Wheatley, "Atlanta's census numbers reveal dip in black population – and lots of people who mysteriously vanished", Creative Loafing, March 21, 2011", "Video: Atlanta School System Caught in Epic Cheating Scandal", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Atlanta&oldid=986472321, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. From 2000 to 2010, the city of Atlanta's black population shrunk by 31,678 people, dropping from 61.4% to 54.0% of the population. , Food supplies were erratic due to poor harvests, which were a result of the turmoil in the agricultural labor supply after emancipation of the slaves. "Monroe Railroad"), completed tracks to Terminus/Atlanta, connecting the little settlement with Macon to the south and Savannah to the southeast. Shirley Franklin's 2001 run for mayor was her first run for public office.
Under Franklin's leadership Atlanta has gone from having one of the lowest percentages of LEED certified buildings to one of the highest. "Sweet" Auburn Avenue became home to Alonzo Herndon's Atlanta Mutual, the city's first black-owned life insurance company, and to a celebrated concentration of black businesses, newspapers, churches, and nightclubs.
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