osage orange thorn infection

The compound fruit is a syncarp of numerous small drupes, in which the carpels (ovaries) have grown together.

[13], Mature trees range from 12 to 20 metres (40–65 ft) tall with short trunks and round-topped canopies. [3] Osage orange has been planted in all the 48 contiguous states of the United States and in southeastern Canada. Written by: Off The Grid News Home Defense, How-To 0.WP-PrintIcon{margin-bottom:-3px} Print This Article. The "hedge apples" are not an important source of food for wildlife as most birds and animals find the fruit unpalatable. Leaves are arranged alternately in a slender growing shoot 90 to 120 centimetres (3–4 ft) long. Outside of its ability to grow fast, this unique tree produces many sharp, steel strong thorns that make it the perfect tree for home security. [6], Maclura pomifera has been known by a variety of common names in addition to Osage orange, including hedge apple, horse apple, the French bois d'arc and English transliterations: bodark and bodock, also translated as "bow-wood"; monkey ball, monkey brains, yellow-wood and mock orange.

The thorns are ¼-1" long, straight, and stout. The plant has significant potential to invade unmanaged habitats.[3].

The use of the hedge apples for insect control is one of the most enduring pest management home remedies. [6], The fruits are consumed by black-tailed deer in Texas and fox squirrels in the Midwest, who drop them to crack open. When I asked my fellow homesteading friends about plant security, many of them recommended the Osage Orange Tree. That is until someone tries to walk through them! Crossbills are said to peck the seeds out. "hedge apple") as a hedge to exclude free-range livestock from vegetable gardens and corn fields.

"Anachronistic fruits and the ghosts who haunt them."

The trunk bark is brown to orange-brown and deeply furrowed with prominent ridges that are straight, slightly curved, or forked. When we were planning our home security garden, a friend recommended the Spanish Dagger.

[6] The seeds are oblong. The American Midland Naturalist 180, no. [26], Maclura pomifera prefers a deep and fertile soil, but is hardy over most of the contiguous United States, where it is used as a hedge. [10] Meriwether Lewis was told that the people of the Osage Nation, "So much … esteem the wood of this tree for the purpose of making their bows, that they travel many hundreds of miles in quest of it. Osage orange hedges were planted close together – no more than five feet – and pruned aggressively to encourage bushy growth.

Other common plant names include hedge apple, bodark, bois d'arc, and bowwood.

However, the naturally occurring concentrations of these compounds in the fruit are far too low to make the fruit an effective insect repellent. [3] They are generally set up green because the dried wood is too hard to reliably accept the staples used to attach the fencing to the posts. It also has no serious insect or disease problems. [9] The common name Osage derives from Osage Native Americans from whom young plants were first obtained, as told in the notes of Meriwether Lewis in 1804.

The Osage Orange Tree makes an excellent perimeter tree.

The thorny Osage orange tree was widely naturalized throughout the United States until this usage was superseded by the invention of barbwire in 1874. It typically has a short trunk and a rounded or irregular crown. In 1810, Bradbury relates that he found two Maclura pomifera trees growing in the garden of Pierre Chouteau, one of the first settlers of Saint Louis, apparently the same person. [36][37][38], Unlike many woods, Osage orange wood is durable, making good fence posts.

[9][32] In 2001, its wood was used in the construction in Chestertown, Maryland of the Schooner Sultana, a replica of HMS Sultana. All natural fertilizer helps your plants grow like crazy. Commonly called a Century Plant or Sentry Plant, unlike its name suggest, it typically only lives 10-30 years. Under severe pruning, the hedge apple sprouted abundant adventitous shoots from its base; as these shoots grew, they became interwoven and formed a dense, thorny barrier hedge.


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