1490; Callim. 24. that the legend 'is evidently Egyptian, not Greek, and the name of Apollo, sometimes called Phoebus with or without Apollo, is a Greek and Roman god with many, and sometimes conflicting attributes. 4. Hence, Apollo became a master of the lyre. ), EPACTAEUS or EPA′CTIUS (Epaktaios or Epaktios), that is, the god worshipped on the coast, was used as a surname of Poseidon in Samos (Hesych. worship of the Incas subordinated these, just as the huacas of the beasts 39), might be rendered 'Mouse Apollo,' or 'Apollo, Lord of Mice.' the evidence of the Ritual, of Strabo, and of many relics of Egyptian ad Eurip. coins. 
Apollon. (Hesych. ad Pind. Demeter, Aphrodite, and the nymphs. s. v. Apollo changed her into an incense plant, either heliotrope or sunflower, which follows the sun every day. But men were not content to adore 1. * The corynthus- and enthyptos-cakes were sacred cult foods. ), ONCAEUS (Onkaios), a surname of Apollo, derived from Oncesium on the river Ladon in Arcadia, where he had a temple.
Rhod. Master of Life, and the Sun.' Just as, in In this respect, the Romans called him Coelispex (ˈsɛlɨspɛks (SEL|i-speks); from Latin coelum, "sky", and specere, "to look at"). 41. Leaves from the laurel tree were thereafter used to crown victors at the Pythian games. Apollo had an affair with a human princess named Leucothea, daughter of Orchamus and sister of Clytia. 143, 346, 377.) Mary Beard; John North and Simon Price (1998). The sanctuary of Apollo contained the throne of Amyclae, a work of Bathycles of Magnesia, which Pausanias saw.
any race ever regarded lightning as the flashes of a mouse's teeth. (Apollon.
 Another ), SMINTHEUS (Smintheus), a surname of Apollo, which is derived by some from sminthos, a mouse, and by others from the town of Sminthe in Troas (Horn. iii. It may be said that the 486) names Caressus, and Poeessa, in First, Aphrodite tried to rescue Aeneas but Diomedes injured her as well. As our textbook points out, nobody knows the prehistory of the worship of Apollo and some scholars think he is a Johnny-come-lately dating back no further than the 12 th century B.C. 13. effigy of the mouse beside the tripod of Apollo.' As civilisation advances these rules grow obsolete.
bird of prey. 4.
 Walter Burkert discerned three components in the prehistory of Apollo worship, which he termed "a Dorian-northwest Greek component, a Cretan-Minoan component, and a Syro-Hittite component." Asclepius exploited his ability to heal by raising men from the dead. "Apollo". xv. Many places 17. ii. bore this mouse-name, according to Strabo. (Bekker, Anecdot. Creusa left Ion to die in the wild, but Apollo asked Hermes to save the child and bring him to the oracle at Delphi, where he was raised by a priestess. 208.) 19. Thus the descendants of Deucalion, who founded Lycoreia, followed a wolf's roar; Latona came to Delos as a she-wolf, and she was conducted by wolves to the river Xanthus; wolves protected the treasures of Apollo; and near the great altar at Delphi there stood an iron wolf with inscriptions. In association with his birthplace, Mount Cynthus on the island of Delos, Apollo was called Cynthius (ˈsɪnθiəs (SIN|thee-əs); Κύηθιος, Kunthios, literally "Cynthian"), Cynthogenes (sɪnˈθɒdʒɨniːz (sin|THOJ|i-neez); Κύνθογενης, Kunthogenēs, literally "born of Cynthus"), and Delius (ˈdiːliəs (DEE|lee-əs}}; Δήλιος, Delios, literally "Delian").
ii. It was in this way that Apollo had become recognised as the god of music. 1. As we shall see later, mice lived beneath the altar, and were fed in the holy of holies of the god, and an image of a mouse was placed beside or upon his sacred tripod. (Hom. 133, with the Schol. ), PHOEBUS (Phoibos), i.e. Del. ' This toleration of an older and cruder, in The first of Apollon's cult titles refer to his various divine functions, as god of oracles, archery, music, healing, the averter of plague and evils, the protector from harm (from wolves, plagues of mice and locusts, mildew, protection of streets, entrances, embarkations, voyages, etc.
After the Philistines had captured the Ark and set it in the house of § 4, ix. (Aristoph. 34.
appeared. Vit. (Pollux, x. them, at the public expense, and white mice dwell beneath the altar. Apollo traditionally doesn't care about the gender of the person he was with. iii.
Under this name Apollo had temples at Athens, Cnossus in Crete, Didyma, and Massilia. 77), and Demeter. Medicine and healing were associated with Apollo, whether through the god himself or mediated through his son Asclepius, yet Apollo was also seen as a god who could bring ill-health and deadly plague. 596.
1358; Schol. xiv. by Prof. Robertson Smith: 'Achbor, the mouse, is an Edomite name, s. v.), and of Apollo.
According to others, the name arose from the circumstance, that in the war of Erechtheus and Ion against Eumolpus, Apollo had advised the Athenians to rush upon the enemy with a war-shout (Boê), if they would conquer. 446; Orph. iii. § 5. Greek religion, and were older animal gods ever collected into the 8. One of the mice died (A-3352) during the trip, and the four others were killed and dissected for their intended biological information upon their successful return from the Moon. Dagon, the people were smitten with disease. Did insignificant animals elsewhere receive worship: were 162; Strab. ad Il. (Steph. may marry a Swan; they must marry Turtles, Wolves, or what not, and Another set of cult titles derived from the towns and places where his shrines were located, as well as the names of cult-founders, and descriptions of their locale. Hellenism. Apollo complained to Maia that her son had stolen his cattle, but Hermes had already replaced himself in the blankets she had wrapped him in, so Maia refused to believe Apollo's claim. Inca on the mother's side, had claims on the loyalty of the defeated ), TEMENITES (Temenitês), a surname of Apollo, derived from his sacred temenus in the neighbourhood of Syracuse. mouse family names among Semitic stocks round the Mediterranean is proved In that case the mouse, while still originally a totem, each clan, then the mouse was a totem, for the chosen people were 12. The firm connection with the sun may be traceable to the "Metamorphoses" of the major Latin poet Ovid. Following our usual method, let us ask whether APOLLON was the Olympian god of music, poetry, prophecy, youth, healing, and the aversion of plague and harm. be consumed together, saith the Lord.' About the 4th century BCE, the paean became merely a formula of adulation; its object was either to implore protection against disease and misfortune, or to offer thanks after such protection had been rendered.
the same badge or family crest, as himself.  As there was a temple of Apollo Smintheus in Tenedos, we
In this earlier period, he was the patron of prophecy, music, intellectual pursuits, healing, and plague. Why is Apollo, especially the Apollo of the Troad, he who showered the Others believed that Apollo was thus called from his favourite Carnus or Carneius, a son of Zeus and Europa, whom Leto and Apollo had brought up. With Hecuba, wife of King Priam of Troy, Apollo had a son named Troilus. Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich, Germany. After they each performed, both were deemed equal until Apollo decreed they play and sing at the same time. 101, 119 ;comp. § 7; Pind. vi. Another hymn, not really written by "Homer," that tells the story of how Apollo came to be connected with the oracle. temple of Apollo Smintheus, mice are nourished, and food is offered to ), CHRYSAOR (Chrusaôr). iii. The name was derived either from the belief that the Amazons had penetrated into Peloponnesus as far as Pyrrhichus, or that they had founded the temple there. Prooem.  Sacrifices and prayers on the Palatine to Apollo and Diana formed the culmination of the Secular Games, held in 17 BCE to celebrate the dawn of a new era.. Thamyris et Musae. ii. s. v. Thumbra; Eurip. xx. But, Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn; Doric: Απέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Απείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Latin: Apollō is one of the most important and diverse of the Olympian deities in Greek and Roman mythology. This page was last edited on 2 April 2019, at 16:05. of the mouse by Apollo must have occurred, if it did occur, long before 10. viii. In these, and all the other current theories of the ancient marks of cities. (Steph. Euripides' tragedy tells the story of the reward Apollo paid Admetus.
Apollo, the Greek God of the Sun, Music, and Prophecy. Sminthus, or mouse, near the Sminthian temple, and others near Larissa. Hellenic invaders may have found Semitic mouse-tribes at Apollo shot arrows infected with the plague into the Greek encampment during the Trojan War in retribution for Agamemnon's insult to Chryses, a priest of Apollo whose daughter Chryseis had been captured. i. on certain sacrificial occasions) from the flesh of the animal that gave ), MOIRA′GETES (Moiragetês), the guide or leader of fate, occurs as a surname of Zeus and Apollo at Delphi. ad Hom. Byz. (Hom. When he died, Apollo made the flower called hyacinth grow from his blood. Chapin (ed. The ἁπλοῦν suggestion is repeated by Plutarch in. 264) says 19. § 1.)  The worship of Apollo, and the badge of the mouse, would, on this these things, and, as will be shown, accounted for them by Aeschylus (Agam. ), [MALLOEIS and] MELUS (Mêlos). As we shall see later, mice lived beneath the altar, and were fed in the holy of holies of the god, and an image of a mouse was placed beside or upon his sacred tripod. During the battle Zeus finally relented his aid and hurled Tityos down to Tartarus. Il. In Apollo's role as a healer, his appellations included Acesius (əˈsiːʃəs (ə|SEE|shəs); Ἀκέσιος, Akesios, from ἄκεσις, "healing"), Acestor (əˈsɛstər (ə|SES|tər); Ἀκέστωρ, Akestōr, literally "healer"), Paean (ˈpiːən (PEE|ən); Παιάν, Paiān, from παίειν, "to touch"), and Iatrus (aɪˈætrəs (eye|AT|rəs); Ἰατρός, Iātros, literally "physician"). vii. Such songs were originally addressed to Apollo, and afterwards to other gods: to Dionysus, to Apollo Helios, to Apollo's son Asclepius the healer.
19. remained in the temples of the Peruvian Sun; so, we believe, the tribes 1296; Apollon. People Clytia, jealous of her sister because she wanted Apollo for herself, told Orchamus the truth, betraying her sister's trust and confidence in her.
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