isaaq clan family tree
Womöglich waren sie einst ein Teilclan der Dir, der sich mit wachsender zahlenmäßiger Bedeutung als separate Clanfamilie zu betrachten begann und eine eigenständige arabische Abstammung beanspruchte.[8]. The following listing is taken from the World Bank's Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics from 2005 and the United Kingdom's Home Office publication, Somalia Assessment 2001. Viele Isaaq fühlten sich bald als Clan und Region im Gesamtgebilde Somalia marginalisiert.

Some anthropologists specialized in Somali studies dispute this genealogy and place the Isaaq within an indigenous Somali clan framework belonging to either the Dir or Irrir sub-grouping of the Somali clan family.[16][17]. Somalia e Benadir: viaggio di esplorazione nell'Africa orientale. Michigan State University. 1899. Dieses wurde 1960 unabhängig und verband sich mit dem von anderen Clans dominierten südlich gelegenen Italienisch-Somaliland zu Somalia. Ab den 1980er Jahren kämpfte die Somalische Nationale Bewegung als Rebellenbewegung der Isaaq von Äthiopien aus gegen die Barre-Regierung. [4], Scheich Isaaq wird von den Isaaq als Heiliger verehrt. (Der Name Habar Tol Jaʿlo ist von Ahmed, einem der Söhne Habuushs, abgeleitet, der den Spitznamen Tol Jeʿele – „der seine Vorväter liebt“ – erhielt.) Sheikh Ishaaq's tomb is in Maydh, and is the scene of frequent pilgrimages.

Aden Ahmed Dube "Gabay Xoog" circa 1821–1916. [19][20], The Isaaq clan played a prominent role in the Abyssinian-Adal war (1529–1543, referred to as the "Conquest of Abyssinia") in the army of Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi,[21] I. M. Lewis noted that only the Habr Magadle division (Ayoub, Garhajis, Habr Awal and Arap) of the Isaaq were mentioned in chronicles of that war written by Shihab Al-Din Ahmad Al-Gizany known as Futuh Al Habash. The traditional way of life for this tribe is animal grazing nomads similar to all Somalian tribes.

[4][5], Die einzelnen Unterclans betrachten sich jeweils als Nachfahren eines der acht Söhne von Scheich Isaaq. Die Isaaq führen sich auf einen arabischen Scheich Isaaq als Stammvater zurück. [27][28][29][30] These sultanates also maintained written records of their activities, which still exist. Dieser soll im 12. oder 13. In the Isaaq clan-family, component clans are divided into two uterine divisions as shown in genealogy. 1988 eskalierten die Auseinandersetzungen zum offenen Krieg, woraufhin Hunderttausende Isaaq nach Äthiopien in die Flüchtlingslager von Hartisheik, Daror, Camaboker und Rabasso flohen. 1844, First footsteps in East Africa : or, An exploration of Harar by Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821–1890; Burton, Isabel, Lady, Published 1894. The first division is between those lineages descended from sons of Sheikh Isaaq by an Ethiopian woman – the Habar Habuusheed – and those descended from sons of Sheikh Isaaq by a woman of the Magaadle clan – the Habar Magaadle.


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